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Joseph John Doke
1861 to 1913
Baptist
South Africa

Joseph John Doke was an English Baptist minister and missionary. Doke was born in Chudleigh, Devon, where his father served 34 years as pastor of a Baptist church. After moving to South Africa for health reasons, he organized Baptist work and was ordained at Graaff-Reinet in 1882. In 1886, after his marriage to Agnes Hannah Biggs, a descendant of William Carey, Doke returned to England. He ministered as pastor of Chudleigh Baptist Church (1887-1888) and City Road Baptist Church, Bristol (1889-1894). A call to mission service led him to New Zealand (1894-1901), Grahamstown, South Africa (1903-1907), and Johannesburg (1907-1913). He served as president of the South African Baptist Union (1906-1907). His arrival in Johannesburg coincided with Gandhi's campaigns on behalf of South Africa's Indian population. Aligning himself with Ghandi's cause, he protested against unjust racial laws and published the first biography of Gandhi, M. K. Gandhi: An Indian Patriot in South Africa (1909).

In July 1913, im memory of his missionary brother, William Henry Doke, Doke and his son Clement Martyn Doke set out to explore the possibilities for evangelizing central Africa. (The journey was financed through the publication of Doke's novel, The Secret City: A Romance of the Karroo [1913].) Doke died en route, at Umtali, in what was then Southern Rhodesia (Zimbabwe). At the memorial service in Johannesburg, Gandhi praised Doke's Christian vision of love conquering hatred and virtue overcoming vice.

Paul R. Dekar


Bibliography:

F. W. Boreham, The Man Who Saved Gandhi: A Short Biography of John Joseph Doke (1948); William E. Cursons, Joseph Doke, The Missionary-Hearted (1929); James D. Hunt, Gandhi and the Nonconformists: Encounters in South Africa (1986). The Baptist Theological College of Southern Africa, Johannesburg, houses documents relating to Doke and Gandhi.


This article is reproduced, with permission, from Biographical Dictionary of Christian Missions, copyright © 1998, by Gerald H. Anderson, W. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, Grand Rapids, Michigan. All rights reserved.