Braide, Garrick Sokari
c. 1880 to 1918
Christ Army Church
First major Nigerian independent prophet.
Braide was baptized at Bakana in the Niger Delta Pastorate founded by Samuel A. Crowther. Later in 1915 he led a revival that featured mass baptisms, healing, Sunday observance, and active opposition to traditional religion and to imported articles, especially trade gin. Traditionalist complaints and fear of unrest as being seditious led twice to Braide's being imprisoned. Initial Anglican welcome changed to opposition, but loss of members from the Anglican Church to the movement led to Anglican indigenizing reforms. A variety of "Christ's Army" independent churches honoring Braide arose from the movement and continue in south-east Nigeria.
Harold W. Turner
H. W. Turner, "Prophets and Politics: A Nigerian Test Case," Bulletin of the Society for African Church History 2 (1965): 97 -118. See also two articles on Braide as "Elijah II" in Church Missionary Review, one by James Johnson, August 1916, pp. 455 - 462, the other one by M. T. Pilter, March 1917, pp. 142 - 145.
This article is reproduced, with permission, from Biographical Dictionary of Christian Missions, copyright © 1998, by Gerald H. Anderson, W. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, Grand Rapids, Michigan. All rights reserved.
Encyclopaedia Britannica (complete article): Braide movement