Winfried Ebers and K. F. Hoeflich
Active 1927 to 1932 and 1939 to 1966 respectively
German Evangelical Church
Pastor Winfried Ebers became synonymous with the consolidating of the German Evangelical Churches throughout Southern Africa. He came to Windhoek in 1924, and set himself the task of reorganizing the German congregations of the GEC after the disruption of World War I. His most important achievement was the establishment of the Deutschen Kirchenbundes in Süd und Südwestafrika in 1926. At the first meeting of the Kirchenbundes on October 1, 1926, Pastor Ebers was elected as its first chairman and in January 1927 also as Landespropst of the GEC in Namibia. At the same time, he became the first editor of the Heimat, a monthly newsletter of the GEC, and, in 1930, the first editor of the annually published Afrikanischer Heimatkalender. As editor of these periodicals, Ebers made sure that the GEC became the proper "home" for all Protestant Christian Germans of Namibia for many years, with a unique blend of Lutheranism and German patriotism.
When Pastor Ebers left Namibia in 1932, he was succeeded as Landespropst by Pastor G. Andreas Wackwitz for six years (1933-1939). However, in 1939, Pastor K. F. Hoeflich became Landespropst for the amazing period of twenty-seven years (1939-1966). World War II broke out two weeks after his arrival in Windhoek on August 15, 1939. For the duration of the war, Pastor Hoeflich was interned by the South African government, together with the German missionaries who also served as pastors for the GEC (i.e. acting as German pastors). They were released only in December 1946. Pastor Hoeflich described his remarkable ministry in the Heimatkalander. (Hoeflich 1961: 82-85) 
Gerhard Buys and Shekutaamba Nambala
1. For discussion on his predecessors, see Buys & Nambala 2003, chapters 6 and 10.
2. See the photo of the first executive of the GEC in Buys & Nambala.
3. This story is taken from Buys & Nambala 2003, p. 205.
Buys, G. L. & Nambala, S. V. V. 2003. History of the Church in Namibia 1805 - 1990, an Introduction.
Windhoek: Gamsberg Macmillan.
Namibia Research Institute (www.nets.iway.na/research)
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Buys, G. L. 1983. Die holistiese sendingbenadering in die ekumeniese diskussie met besondere verwysing na die Kerk en Sending in Suidwes-Afrika/Namibië. Unpublished D.Th. thesis, University of Stellenbosch.
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Interviews & questionnaires
Christians, N. C. 2002. Unpublished notes forwarded on request to Buys, on 22 May 2002. Rev. Nicholas Christians was the pastor of the Trinity AME Church in Keetmanshoop for an uninterrupted period of 43 years (1953 - 1997). In 1998, he was awarded an honorary doctorate by the Wilberforce Institute of the AMEC in USA.
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Tjijombo, P. 2002. Interview of Buys with Bishop Petrus Tjijombo on 18 January 2002 at his house. Bishop Tjijombo was the founder and still active leader of the St. John's AFM in Namibia when this interview took place, after a ministry which started in 1953. The photo of his ministry starting in that year in the "old location" was unfortunately too bad to use in this publication.
Witbooi, H. 2002. Interview of Buys with the honourable Dr. Hendrik Witbooi, in Windhoek, on the
history of Evangelists Petrus Jod and Marcus Witbooi. Dr. Witbooi is the son of Pastor Marcus Witbooi, who was a founder member of the AMEC in Namibia. At the time of the interview, Dr. Witbooi was Deputy Prime Minister in the Namibian government and leader of the AMEC (African Methodist Episcopal Church) in Namibia.
This article is reproduced, with permission, from History of the Church in Namibia, an Introduction - 1805-1990, Gamsberg Macmillan, Windhoek, Namibia, copyright © November 2003 by Dr. Gerhard Buys and Dr. Shekutaamba Nambala. All rights reserved.